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Eastern Blue Groper

 
Introduction:
Thick bodied fish, distinctive blue colouration, large fleshy lips, pegteeth.
Identification:
A thick bodied fish with peg teeth, heavy scales, a large tail and thick lips. Juveniles are brown to green brown. Adult females are brown to reddish-brown. Each scale may have a darker red spot. The adult males are bright blue and large fleshy lips. The blue can range from deep navy to cobalt blue, and there may also be darker or yellow-orange spots or lines around the eyes. Body size up to 120 cm.
Max. Size:
120 cm.
Distribution:
eastern Australia
Habitat:
Coastal, marine habitats from shallow waters, down to 40 m, juveniles can be found in estuarine seagrass beds.
Biology:
One of the largest and most recognized fishes and can live to around 30 years. It is a member of the wrasse family and not a true groper despite its common name.  It was intensely fished prior to 1970 but is now a protected species.  Spawning occurs during winter (July-October) and the young recruit primarily into estuarine sea grass beds during winter. As it ages, it passes through several stages. Juveniles are all female and as the fish matures it can change to a male. Once the male develops bright blue colouration it has reached its terminal phase.  Large males are inquisitive and often become tame at frequently dived sites. It is the NSW fish emblem.
Other Common Names:
Eastern Blue Wrasse
Family: Labridae
Genus: Achoerodus
Species: viridis
Related Objects:

Related Objects

I.40831-027 - Achoerodus viridis (Steindachner, 1866) - Australia, New South Wales, Sydney Harbour,Garden Is ,N side,30m W of NE corner , (33 51' 31" S , 151 13' 51" E), 27 Apr 2001
I.41465-005 - Achoerodus viridis (Steindachner, 1866) - Australia, New South Wales, Nambucca River , (30 36' S , 152 45' E), 14 Mar 2000
I.38353-014 - Achoerodus viridis (Steindachner, 1866) - Australia, New South Wales, Coila Lake , (36 2' S , 150 8' E), 28 Dec 1974

(c) assumed Australian Museum.

I.17019-006 - Achoerodus viridis (Steindachner, 1866) - Australia, New South Wales, SYDNEY : LONG REEF , (33 45' S , 151 18' E), 27 Mar 1973
I.41084-010 - Achoerodus viridis (Steindachner, 1866) - Australia, New South Wales, Watsons Bay , (33 50' 44" S , 151 16' 52" E), 13 Dec 2001
I.39883-006 - Achoerodus viridis (Steindachner, 1866) - Australia, New South Wales, Port Hacking,Little Turriell Point , (34 5' S , 151 8' E), 10 Aug 1999
I.42599-009 - Achoerodus viridis (Steindachner, 1866) - Australia, New South Wales, Congo Creek , (35 56' S , 150 8' E), 20 Nov 2001
I.41731-019 - Achoerodus viridis (Steindachner, 1866) - Australia, New South Wales, Wapengo Inlet , (36 35' S , 149 59' E), 23 Mar 2001

(c) assumed Australian Museum.

I.45633-043 - Achoerodus viridis (Steindachner, 1866) - Australia, New South Wales, Washerwomans Beach , (35 14' 39" S , 150 32' 8" E), 16 Mar 2011
I.36216-009 - Achoerodus viridis (Steindachner, 1866) - Australia, New South Wales, Newcastle , (33 S , 151 45' E), 13 Jul 1972
I.38355-011 - Achoerodus viridis (Steindachner, 1866) - Australia, New South Wales, Coila Lake , (36 2' S , 150 8' E), 15 Jan 1975

(c) assumed Australian Museum.

I.16468-006 - Achoerodus viridis (Steindachner, 1866) - Australia, New South Wales, MINNIE WATER : SEE COMMENTS , (29 50' S , 153 15' E), 15 Feb 1965

(c) assumed Australian Museum.

I.16851-033 - Achoerodus viridis (Steindachner, 1866) - Australia, NSW, Jervis Bay, SW of Bowen I. : , (35 7' S , 150 46' E), 2 May 1972
I.43976-007 - Achoerodus viridis (Steindachner, 1866) - Australia, New South Wales, Abrahams Bosom Beach , (35 38" S , 150 49' 37" E), 17 Aug 2004
I.39885-009 - Achoerodus viridis (Steindachner, 1866) - Australia, New South Wales, Port Hacking,Simpsons Bay , (34 5' S , 151 8' E), 10 Aug 1999

(c) assumed Australian Museum.

I.18264-005 - Achoerodus viridis (Steindachner, 1866) - Australia, New South Wales, SYDNEY : LONG BAY , (33 58' S , 151 16' E), 29 Dec 1974
I.38350-013 - Achoerodus viridis (Steindachner, 1866) - Australia, New South Wales, Lake Coila , (36 2' S , 150 8' E), 28 Dec 1974
I.20044-007 - Achoerodus viridis (Steindachner, 1866) - Australia, New South Wales, NAROOMA WAGONGA INL. : LAVENDER BAY , (36 9' S , 150 8' E), 23 Sep 1974
I.40167-011 - Achoerodus viridis (Steindachner, 1866) - Australia, New South Wales, Coila Lake , (36 2' S , 150 8' E), 26 Oct 1975
I.42807-012 - Achoerodus viridis (Steindachner, 1866) - Australia, New South Wales, Fingal Bay, Port Stephens , (32 44' 33" S , 152 10' 49" E), 8 Sep 2003
I.43976-009 - Achoerodus viridis (Steindachner, 1866) - Australia, New South Wales, Abrahams Bosom Beach , (35 38" S , 150 49' 37" E), 17 Aug 2004

(c) assumed Australian Museum.

I.40866-018 - Achoerodus viridis (Steindachner, 1866) - Australia, New South Wales, Darling Harbour,wharf 3 , (33 51' 17" S , 151 12' 6" E), 18 May 2001
I.40238-002 - Achoerodus viridis (Steindachner, 1866) - Australia, New South Wales, Pittwater,The Basin , (33 38' S , 151 18' E), 7 Sep 1999
I.43976-010 - Achoerodus viridis (Steindachner, 1866) - Australia, New South Wales, Abrahams Bosom Beach , (35 38" S , 150 49' 37" E), 17 Aug 2004
I.38351-015 - Achoerodus viridis (Steindachner, 1866) - Australia, New South Wales, Lake Coila , (36 2' S , 150 8' E), 28 Dec 1974
I.41226-011 - Achoerodus viridis (Steindachner, 1866) - Australia, New South Wales, Bellinger/Kalang River. , (30 25' S , 152 46' E), 15 Mar 2002
I.43974-052 - Achoerodus viridis (Steindachner, 1866) - Australia, New South Wales, Harbour Beach , (35 20' 53" S , 150 29' 6" E), 1 May 2004
I.42809-017 - Achoerodus viridis (Steindachner, 1866) - Australia, New South Wales, Fingal Bay, Port Stephens , (32 44' 33" S , 152 10' 49" E), 8 Sep 2003
I.23369-004 - Achoerodus viridis (Steindachner, 1866) - Australia, New South Wales, Broken Bay, Brisbane Waters , (34 S , 151 E), 20 May 1982

(c) assumed Australian Museum.

I.45027-015 - Achoerodus viridis (Steindachner, 1866) - Australia, New South Wales, Jones Beach, Mollymook , (35 19' 19" S , 150 29' E), 11 Mar 2010

(c) assumed Australian Museum.

I.45025-025 - Achoerodus viridis (Steindachner, 1866) - Australia, New South Wales, Colliers Beach, inlet near Mollymook Golf Course , (35 20' 46" S , 150 28' 36" E), 10 Mar 2010
I.43974-053 - Achoerodus viridis (Steindachner, 1866) - Australia, New South Wales, Harbour Beach , (35 20' 53" S , 150 29' 6" E), 1 May 2004
I.44604-001 - Achoerodus viridis (Steindachner, 1866) - Australia, New South Wales, Gordons Bay , (33 54' 54" S , 151 15' 4" E), 3 Aug 1998

(c) assumed Australian Museum.

I.18558-001 - Achoerodus viridis (Steindachner, 1866) - Australia, New South Wales, 10KM S BATEMANS BAY : PRETTY BEACH , (35 45' S , 150 14' E), 8 Dec 1973