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Sulphur-crested Cockatoo

 
Introduction:

One of Australia's most popular and iconic birds, the Sulphur-crested Cockatoo, has been known to live up to eighty years of age in captivity.

Identification:

The Sulphur-crested Cockatoo is a large white parrot. It has a dark grey-black bill, a distinctive sulphur-yellow crest and a yellow wash on the underside of the wings. Sexes are similar, although the female can be separated at close range by its red-brown eye (darker brown in the male). This is a noisy and conspicuous cockatoo, both at rest and in flight. Young Sulphur-crested Cockatoos resemble the adults.

Size:

45 cm to 50 cm

Distribution:

The Sulphur-crested Cockatoo's range extends throughout the northern and eastern mainland, and
Tasmania. A small population has become established around Perth, Western Australia. The species also occurs in New Guinea and the Aru Islands, and has been introduced into New Zealand and Indonesia.

Habitat:

Sulphur-crested Cockatoos are found in a variety of timbered habitats and are common around human settlements. The birds stay in the same area all year round.

Feeding and Diet:

The Sulphur-crested Cockatoo's normal diet consists of berries, seeds, nuts and roots. It also takes handouts from humans. Feeding normally takes place in small to large groups, with one or more members of the group watching for danger from a nearby perch. When not feeding, birds will bite off smaller branches and leaves from trees. These items are not eaten, however. The activity may help to keep the bill trimmed and from growing too large.

Communication:

The most common call is a distinctive loud screech, ending with a slight upward inflection.

Breeding Behaviours:

The eggs are laid in a suitable tree hollow, which is prepared by both sexes. Both birds also incubate and care for the chicks. The chicks remain with the parents all year round and family groups will stay together indefinitely.
Breeding Season: August to January in the south; May to September in the north
Clutch size: 1 to 3 Incubation: 30 days
Time in nest: 65 days

Conservation Status:

The popularity of the Sulphur-crested Cockatoo as a cage bird has increased its range, as these birds either escape or are released deliberately in areas where they do not already occur. The species has become a pest around urban areas, where it uses its powerful bill to destroy timber decking and panelling on houses.
Related Objects:

Related Objects


(c) assumed Australian Museum.

O.71914 - Cacatua galerita Latham, 1790 - Australia, New South Wales, Lawrence , 19 Nov 1992

(c) assumed Australian Museum.

O.73519 - Cacatua galerita Latham, 1790 - No Data ,

(c) assumed Australian Museum.

O.73521 - Cacatua galerita Latham, 1790 - No Data ,
O.71902 - Cacatua galerita Latham, 1790 ,

(c) assumed Australian Museum.

O.36224 - Cacatua galerita Latham, 1790 - Australia, Northern Territory, Mcarthur R , (16 5' S , 136 18' E), 16 Aug 1913
O.49312 - Cacatua galerita Latham, 1790 - Australia, Queensland, Cape York Peninsula , (10 45' S , 142 35' E), 13 Aug 1911
O.58139 - Cacatua galerita Latham, 1790 - Australia, New South Wales, Myall Vale Agricultural Research Station, Narrabri , (30 20' S , 149 47' E), 29 Oct 1983
O.47494 - Cacatua galerita Latham, 1790 - Australia, New South Wales, Castlereagh R, 15 Km W Of Gilgandra , (31 48' S , 148 30' E), 17 Feb 1979

(c) assumed Australian Museum.

O.1270 - Cacatua galerita Latham, 1790 - Australia, New South Wales, Cambewarra , (34 49' S , 150 34' E),
O.63869 - Cacatua galerita Latham, 1790 - Australia, New South Wales, Macquarie R , (32 59' S , 149 15' E), Oct 1900

(c) assumed Australian Museum.

O.15860 - Cacatua galerita Latham, 1790 - Australia, New South Wales, Sydney: Pymble , (33 45' S , 151 8' E),

(c) assumed Australian Museum.

O.28629 - Cacatua galerita Latham, 1790 - Australia, New South Wales, Dubbo , (32 15' S , 148 37' E), 1910
A.18450 - Cacatua galerita Latham, 1790 - Australia, New South Wales, Lachlan R , (33 52' S , 144 52' E), Jun 1883
A.3227 - Cacatua galerita Latham, 1790 - Australia, New South Wales, Wollongong , (34 26' S , 150 53' E),

(c) assumed Australian Museum.

O.28633 - Cacatua galerita Latham, 1790 - Australia, New South Wales, Gilgandra , (31 43' S , 148 39' E), 1902

(c) assumed Australian Museum.

O.5299 - Cacatua galerita Latham, 1790 - Australia, New South Wales, Bellingen , (30 27' S , 152 54' E),

(c) assumed Australian Museum.

O.11183 - Cacatua galerita Latham, 1790 - Australia, New South Wales, 'Laureldale' Tarana , (33 32' S , 149 55' E), Apr 1899

(c) assumed Australian Museum.

O.28634 - Cacatua galerita Latham, 1790 - Australia, New South Wales, Gilgandra , (31 43' S , 148 39' E), 1902

(c) assumed Australian Museum.

O.1269 - Cacatua galerita Latham, 1790 - Australia, New South Wales, Cambewarra , (34 49' S , 150 34' E),

(c) assumed Australian Museum.

O.11182 - Cacatua galerita Latham, 1790 - Australia, New South Wales, 'Laureldale' Tarana , (33 32' S , 149 55' E), Apr 1899

(c) assumed Australian Museum.

O.5300 - Cacatua galerita Latham, 1790 - Australia, New South Wales, Bellingen , (30 27' S , 152 54' E),
O.54268 - Cacatua galerita Latham, 1790 - Australia, Queensland, Cape York Peninsula , (10 45' S , 142 35' E), 7 Sep 1911
O.68491 - Cacatua galerita Latham, 1790 - Australia, Western Australia, Perth: Helena Valley , (31 56' S , 116 4' E),
O.50896 - Cacatua galerita Latham, 1790 - Australia, Queensland, Drumburle Stn, 130Km Sw Gladstone , (24 38' S , 150 32' E), 21 Aug 1912

(c) assumed Australian Museum.

O.34001 - Cacatua galerita Latham, 1790 - Australia, New South Wales, Namoi River , (30 19' S , 149 40' E),

(c) assumed Australian Museum.

O.5409 - Cacatua galerita Latham, 1790 - Australia, New South Wales, Bellingen , (30 27' S , 152 54' E),

(c) assumed Australian Museum.

O.1271 - Cacatua galerita Latham, 1790 - Australia, New South Wales, Cambewarra , (34 49' S , 150 34' E),
O.58112 - Cacatua galerita Latham, 1790 - Australia, New South Wales, Myall Vale Agricultural Research Station, Narrabri , (30 20' S , 149 47' E), 24 Oct 1983

(c) assumed Australian Museum.

O.28630 - Cacatua galerita Latham, 1790 - Australia, New South Wales, Dubbo , (32 15' S , 148 37' E), 1909

(c) assumed Australian Museum.

O.5298 - Cacatua galerita Latham, 1790 - Australia, New South Wales, Bellingen , (30 27' S , 152 54' E),
B.4591 - Cacatua galerita Latham, 1790 - Australia, New South Wales, Cambewarra , (34 49' S , 150 34' E),
O.55972 - Cacatua galerita Latham, 1790 - Australia, Queensland, Warkon , (26 58' S , 149 26' E), 24 Sep 1901

(c) assumed Australian Museum.

O.34439 - Cacatua galerita Latham, 1790 - Australia, Northern Territory, Port Darwin , (12 27' S , 130 48' E),
A.2613 - Cacatua galerita Latham, 1790 - Australia, New South Wales, Boro , (35 9' S , 149 40' E),
O.48533 - Cacatua galerita Latham, 1790 - Australia, Victoria, Hamilton , (37 45' S , 142 2' E), 20 Dec 1898
B.2545 - Cacatua galerita Latham, 1790 - Australia, New South Wales, Boro , (35 9' S , 149 40' E),

(c) assumed Australian Museum.

O.11181 - Cacatua galerita Latham, 1790 - Australia, New South Wales, 'Laureldale' Tarana , (33 32' S , 149 55' E), Apr 1899
O.63879 - Cacatua galerita Latham, 1790 - Australia, New South Wales, Sydney: South Creek, Riverstone , (33 40' S , 150 51' E), 6 Oct 1941

(c) assumed Australian Museum.

O.28632 - Cacatua galerita Latham, 1790 - Australia, New South Wales, Gilgandra , (31 43' S , 148 39' E), 1902

(c) assumed Australian Museum.

O.11180 - Cacatua galerita Latham, 1790 - Australia, New South Wales, 'Laureldale' Tarana , (33 32' S , 149 55' E), Apr 1899

(c) assumed Australian Museum.

O.11179 - Cacatua galerita Latham, 1790 - Australia, New South Wales, 'Laureldale' Tarana , (33 32' S , 149 55' E), Apr 1899

(c) assumed Australian Museum.

O.23787 - Cacatua galerita Latham, 1790 - Australia, Queensland, Gayndah, Burnett R , (25 37' S , 151 37' E),

(c) assumed Australian Museum.

O.28631 - Cacatua galerita Latham, 1790 - Australia, New South Wales, Gilgandra , (31 43' S , 148 39' E), 1902
O.69740 - Cacatua galerita Latham, 1790 - Australia, New South Wales, Walla, Narrabri , (30 20' S , 149 47' E), 16 Sep 1915
A.18451 - Cacatua galerita Latham, 1790 - Australia, New South Wales, Moolah Station , (32 39' S , 144 59' E), Jul 1883

(c) assumed Australian Museum.

O.28046 - Cacatua galerita Latham, 1790 - Australia, Queensland, Drumburle Stn, 130Km Sw Gladstone , (24 38' S , 150 32' E), 29 Aug 1912
O.50899 - Cacatua galerita Latham, 1790 - Australia, Queensland, Lockerbie Track, Cape York Peninsula , (10 47' S , 142 28' E), 9 Aug 1911
O.63868 - Cacatua galerita Latham, 1790 - Australia, New South Wales, Copmanhurst, Clarence R , (29 35' S , 152 46' E), 6 Oct 1896

(c) assumed Australian Museum.

O.22671 - Cacatua galerita Latham, 1790 - Australia, Queensland, Port Denison , (20 1' S , 148 15' E), 13 Sep 1864
A.3226 - Cacatua galerita Latham, 1790 - Australia, New South Wales, Wollongong , (34 26' S , 150 53' E),
O.50898 - Cacatua galerita Latham, 1790 - Australia, Queensland, Cape York Peninsula , (10 45' S , 142 35' E), 31 Jul 1911
O.57021 - Cacatua galerita Latham, 1790 - Australia, New South Wales, Sydney: Centennial Park , (33 54' S , 151 14' E), 13 Jul 1983
O.57022 - Cacatua galerita Latham, 1790 - Australia, New South Wales, Sydney: Centennial Park , (33 54' S , 151 14' E), 13 Jul 1983
O.57023 - Cacatua galerita Latham, 1790 - Australia, New South Wales, Sydney: Centennial Park , (33 54' S , 151 14' E), 13 Jul 1983
O.52065 - Cacatua galerita Latham, 1790 - Australia, Queensland, Kurrajong Stn, 130Km Sw Gladstone , (24 43' S , 150 28' E), 16 Sep 1910

(c) assumed Australian Museum.

O.18748 - Cacatua galerita Latham, 1790 - Australia, New South Wales, Murrumbateman , (34 58' S , 149 2' E),

(c) assumed Australian Museum.

O.18749 - Cacatua galerita Latham, 1790 - Australia, New South Wales, Murrumbateman , (34 58' S , 149 2' E),

(c) assumed Australian Museum.

O.828 - Cacatua galerita Latham, 1790 - Australia, New South Wales, Cambewarra , (34 49' S , 150 34' E),
B.1569 - Cacatua galerita Latham, 1790 - Australia, New South Wales, Lachlan R , (33 52' S , 144 52' E),
A.1483 - Cacatua galerita Latham, 1790 - Australia, New South Wales, Richmond R , (28 49' S , 152 59' E),

(c) assumed Australian Museum.

O.25272 - Cacatua galerita Latham, 1790 - Australia, Queensland, Bimbi, Duaringa , (23 43' S , 149 40' E), 1 Oct 1908

(c) assumed Australian Museum.

O.25629 - Cacatua galerita Latham, 1790 - Australia, Queensland, Bimbi, Duaringa , (23 43' S , 149 40' E), 3 Sep 1908

(c) assumed Australian Museum.

O.25628 - Cacatua galerita Latham, 1790 - Australia, Queensland, Bimbi, Duaringa , (23 43' S , 149 40' E), 20 Sep 1908

(c) assumed Australian Museum.

O.25627 - Cacatua galerita Latham, 1790 - Australia, Queensland, Coomooboolaroo , (23 52' S , 149 34' E), 10 Sep 1893

(c) assumed Australian Museum.

O.3689 - Cacatua galerita Latham, 1790 - Australia, New South Wales, Murwillumbah: Tweed R , (28 20' S , 153 24' E),

(c) assumed Australian Museum.

O.4234 - Cacatua galerita Latham, 1790 - Australia, New South Wales, Lachlan District , (33 52' S , 144 52' E),

(c) assumed Australian Museum.

O.4235 - Cacatua galerita Latham, 1790 - Australia, New South Wales, Lachlan District , (33 52' S , 144 52' E),

(c) assumed Australian Museum.

O.25273 - Cacatua galerita Latham, 1790 - Australia, Queensland, Dawson R , (23 50' S , 149 48' E),

(c) assumed Australian Museum.

O.71883 - Cacatua galerita Latham, 1790 ,

(c) assumed Australian Museum.

O.28636 - Cacatua galerita Latham, 1790 - Australia, New South Wales, Narromine , (32 14' S , 148 15' E), 4 Aug 1914
O.65042 - Cacatua galerita Latham, 1790 - Australia, New South Wales, Sydney: South Turramurra , (33 45' S , 151 7' E), 13 Jan 1994
B.9317 - Cacatua galerita Latham, 1790 - Australia, New South Wales, Bellingen District , (30 27' S , 152 54' E),

(c) assumed Australian Museum.

O.8947 - Cacatua galerita Latham, 1790 - Australia, New South Wales, Sydney: Smithfield , (33 51' S , 150 56' E),

(c) assumed Australian Museum.

S.565 - Cacatua galerita Latham, 1790 - Australia, New South Wales, Sydney: Smithfield , (33 51' S , 150 56' E),
O.67602 - Cacatua galerita Latham, 1790 - Australia, New South Wales, Wyndham , (36 56' S , 149 38' E), 11 Mar 1996
O.65647 - Cacatua galerita Latham, 1790 - Australia, New South Wales, Crown Land W Of Cobaki Broadwater , (28 11' S , 153 30' E), 2 Nov 1994

(c) assumed Australian Museum.

O.23587 - Cacatua galerita Latham, 1790 - Australia, Queensland, Pine Mountain , (27 32' S , 152 42' E), Mar 1865
O.66373 - Cacatua galerita Latham, 1790 - Australia, Western Australia, Perth: Helena Valley , (31 56' S , 116 4' E),
O.65207 - Cacatua galerita Latham, 1790 - Australia, New South Wales, Woronora , (34 2' S , 151 2' E), 8 Dec 1982
B.9318 - Cacatua galerita Latham, 1790 - Australia, New South Wales, Bellingen District , (30 27' S , 152 54' E),

(c) assumed Australian Museum.

O.28635 - Cacatua galerita Latham, 1790 - Australia, New South Wales, Bulliac , (31 55' S , 152 2' E), 1912

(c) assumed Australian Museum.

O.38953 - Cacatua galerita Latham, 1790 - Australia, Western Australia, Forrest R , (15 11' S , 127 51' E), 1952
O.53635 - Cacatua galerita Latham, 1790 - Australia, Western Australia, Ord River Irrigation Area, Near Kununurra , (15 46' S , 128 44' E), 30 Nov 1979
O.70857 - Cacatua galerita Latham, 1790 - Australia, New South Wales, Sydney: Hyde Park , (33 53' S , 151 13' E), 15 Jan 2004
O.47546 - Cacatua galerita Latham, 1790 - Australia, New South Wales, Castlereagh R, 15 Km W Of Gilgandra , (31 48' S , 148 30' E), 17 Feb 1979
B.9468 - Cacatua galerita Latham, 1790 - Australia, New South Wales, Bellingen District , (30 27' S , 152 54' E),

(c) assumed Australian Museum.

O.33121 - Cacatua galerita Latham, 1790 - Australia, New South Wales, Springfield Station, Eurolie , (34 34' S , 145 36' E), 17 Oct 1932
A.17372 - Cacatua galerita Latham, 1790 - Australia, New South Wales, Boro, Braidwood District , (35 9' S , 149 40' E), May 1883
B.4592 - Cacatua galerita Latham, 1790 - Australia, New South Wales, Cambewarra , (34 49' S , 150 34' E),
A.4651 - Cacatua galerita Latham, 1790 - Australia, Northern Territory, Port Essington , (11 16' S , 132 9' E),
O.53636 - Cacatua galerita Latham, 1790 - Australia, Western Australia, Ord River Irrigation Area, Near Kununurra , (15 46' S , 128 44' E), 30 Nov 1979
B.2627 - Cacatua galerita Latham, 1790 - Australia, New South Wales, Mayfield, Boro , (35 12' S , 149 48' E),

(c) assumed Australian Museum.

O.46279 - Cacatua galerita Latham, 1790 - Australia, New South Wales, Narrandera , (34 45' S , 146 33' E), 4 Jan 1976
O.72278 - Cacatua galerita Latham, 1790 - Australia, New South Wales, Sydney: Turramurra: Mitchell Crescent , (33 44' S , 151 6' E), 31 Jul 2008
O.57156 - Cacatua galerita Latham, 1790 - Australia, New South Wales, Sydney: Centennial Park , (33 54' S , 151 14' E), 13 Jul 1983
O.68466 - Cacatua galerita Latham, 1790 - Australia, Queensland, Atherton Tableland , (17 16' S , 145 29' E), 1997
O.68465 - Cacatua galerita Latham, 1790 - Australia, Queensland, Atherton Tableland , (17 16' S , 145 29' E), 25 Aug 1997