Site navigation

Crested Bellbird

 
Introduction:

The nests of Crested Bellbirds often have live,hairy caterpillars placed around the rim.it has been suggested that the adults gather them as a food storage for the sitting bird or as a defence for the nest.

Identification:

The Crested Bellbird is a medium-sized bird. Adult males have grey heads with a raised black crest, a white forehead and throat, and a prominent black breast. The rest of the body is grey or brown and they have orange-red eyes. Females and immature birds are less prominently coloured than the males, lacking the black breast and having a smaller,unraised black crest. This species is also known as the Crested Thrush,as well as having names such as 'Dick-Dick-the Devil'.

Size:

19 cm to 23 cm

Similar Species:

Wedge-bill, Western Whipbird

Distribution:

The Crested Bellbird is endemic to mainland Australia. It occurs west of the Great Dividing Range, in the south of tropical northern Australia, and through South Australia to the west coast of Western Australia.

Habitat:

The Crested Bellbird occurs from semi-arid coastlines to the arid Australia interior. They are found in acacia shrublands, eucalypt woodlands, spinifex and chenopod (saltbush) plains or dunes.

Feeding and Diet:

The Crested Bellbird feeds on invertebrates and some seeds. They forage on the ground or in low shrubs. They are usually solitary or occur in pairs during the breeding season. Sometimes they occur in mixed feeding flocks with Chestnut-rumped Thornbills and Red-capped Robins.

Communication:

Loud, liquid call. Bell-like 'did-did did-did-dit'. The calls are sometimes ventriloqual.

Breeding Behaviours:

The Crested Bellbird forms pairs for the breeding season and makes a cup-shaped nest of twigs, bark or leaves, usually placed in the fork of a tree. Both sexes will incubate the eggs.
Breeding season: August to December
Clutch size: One to four
Incubation: 16 days
Time in nest: 12 days

Conservation Status:

The range of the Crested Bellbird has contracted because of habitat destruction from land clearance, being particularly susceptible to fragmentation. Cats also pose a threat throughout its range. It is listed as threatened in Victoria.
Related Objects:

Related Objects


(c) assumed Australian Museum.

O.48035 - Oreoica gutturalis (Vigors & Horsfield, 1827) - Australia, New South Wales, Langawirra, Via Broken Hill , (31 27' S , 142 8' E), 18 Sep 1908

(c) assumed Australian Museum.

O.49174 - Oreoica gutturalis (Vigors & Horsfield, 1827) - Australia, New South Wales, Langawirra Station, Near Broken Hill , (31 27' S , 142 8' E), 27 Sep 1909

(c) assumed Australian Museum.

O.49175 - Oreoica gutturalis (Vigors & Horsfield, 1827) - Australia, New South Wales, Langawirra Station, Near Broken Hill , (31 27' S , 142 8' E), 15 Sep 1911

(c) assumed Australian Museum.

O.50176 - Oreoica gutturalis (Vigors & Horsfield, 1827) - Australia, New South Wales, Multagoona, Bourke , (29 26' S , 145 40' E), 12 Nov 1910

(c) assumed Australian Museum.

O.50177 - Oreoica gutturalis (Vigors & Horsfield, 1827) - Australia, New South Wales, Multagoona, Bourke , (29 26' S , 145 40' E), 12 Nov 1910
O.47046 - Oreoica gutturalis (Vigors & Horsfield, 1827) - Australia, New South Wales, 6 Km E Of Ivanhoe , (32 55' S , 144 22' E), 29 Jul 1978

(c) assumed Australian Museum.

O.39879 - Oreoica gutturalis (Vigors & Horsfield, 1827) - Australia, South Australia, Tomkinson Range: 15.5 Miles S Mt Davies Mining Camp , (26 10' S , 129 8' E), 16 Jun 1961

(c) assumed Australian Museum.

O.54347 - Oreoica gutturalis (Vigors & Horsfield, 1827) - Australia, New South Wales, Multagoona, Near Bourke , (29 26' S , 145 40' E), 12 Nov 1910

(c) assumed Australian Museum.

O.52760 - Oreoica gutturalis (Vigors & Horsfield, 1827) - Australia, New South Wales, Inverell , (29 46' S , 151 7' E), 23 Aug 1919

(c) assumed Australian Museum.

O.42839 - Oreoica gutturalis (Vigors & Horsfield, 1827) - Australia, New South Wales, Round Hill Nature Reserve , (33 3' S , 146 12' E), 16 May 1968

(c) assumed Australian Museum.

O.42257 - Oreoica gutturalis (Vigors & Horsfield, 1827) - Australia, Queensland, Simpson Desert , (25 44' S , 137 29' E), 28 Jul 1966

(c) assumed Australian Museum.

O.56787 - Oreoica gutturalis (Vigors & Horsfield, 1827) - Australia, New South Wales, Tweed R , (28 18' S , 153 27' E), 1897

(c) assumed Australian Museum.

O.39877 - Oreoica gutturalis (Vigors & Horsfield, 1827) - Australia, South Australia, Mann Range: 20 Miles E Piltadi Rockhole , (26 8' S , 130 17' E), 22 Jun 1961

(c) assumed Australian Museum.

O.39845 - Oreoica gutturalis (Vigors & Horsfield, 1827) - Australia, New South Wales, 13 Ml Nw Byrock , (30 31' S , 146 16' E), 25 Feb 1960

(c) assumed Australian Museum.

O.39789 - Oreoica gutturalis (Vigors & Horsfield, 1827) - Australia, Northern Territory, North Rd, 50 Miles W Of Alice Springs , (23 27' S , 132 43' E), Sep 1958

(c) assumed Australian Museum.

O.39689 - Oreoica gutturalis (Vigors & Horsfield, 1827) - Australia, New South Wales, 27 Miles N Of Griffith , (33 58' S , 146 4' E), 3 Aug 1955

(c) assumed Australian Museum.

O.39685 - Oreoica gutturalis (Vigors & Horsfield, 1827) - Australia, New South Wales, 27 Miles N Of Griffith , (33 58' S , 146 4' E), 9 Aug 1956

(c) assumed Australian Museum.

O.38836 - Oreoica gutturalis (Vigors & Horsfield, 1827) - Australia, Northern Territory, Mt Conway , (23 45' S , 133 25' E), 21 Apr 1952

(c) assumed Australian Museum.

O.36378 - Oreoica gutturalis (Vigors & Horsfield, 1827) - Australia, New South Wales, Buckinbah, Yeoval , (33 23' S , 149 10' E), Sep 1886

(c) assumed Australian Museum.

O.35764 - Oreoica gutturalis (Vigors & Horsfield, 1827) - Australia, Victoria, Diamond Hill, Near Bendigo , (36 48' S , 144 16' E), 7 Nov 1925

(c) assumed Australian Museum.

O.35105 - Oreoica gutturalis (Vigors & Horsfield, 1827) - Australia, New South Wales, Moree , (29 28' S , 149 51' E), 1920

(c) assumed Australian Museum.

O.42830 - Oreoica gutturalis (Vigors & Horsfield, 1827) - Australia, New South Wales, Round Hill Nature Reserve , (33 3' S , 146 12' E), 16 May 1968

(c) assumed Australian Museum.

O.34599 - Oreoica gutturalis (Vigors & Horsfield, 1827) - Australia, Queensland, Burrenbilla Station, Cunnamulla , (28 9' S , 145 43' E), 21 Oct 1903

(c) assumed Australian Museum.

O.16471 - Oreoica gutturalis (Vigors & Horsfield, 1827) - Australia, New South Wales, Ballingall, Whitton , (34 14' S , 145 58' E),
O.70612 - Oreoica gutturalis (Vigors & Horsfield, 1827) - Australia, New South Wales, "Mopone", 13Km North Of Cobar , (31 18' S , 145 50' E), 22 Nov 2001

(c) assumed Australian Museum.

O.69200 - Oreoica gutturalis (Vigors & Horsfield, 1827) - Australia, Queensland, Cunnamulla , (28 4' S , 145 40' E), 23 Aug 1952
O.66600 - Oreoica gutturalis (Vigors & Horsfield, 1827) - Australia, New South Wales, Gundabooka National Park: 500 M W Of Belah Homestead , (30 33' S , 145 36' E), 4 Sep 1996
O.66599 - Oreoica gutturalis (Vigors & Horsfield, 1827) - Australia, New South Wales, Gundabooka National Park: Barons Tank , (30 37' 49" S , 145 37' 51" E), 3 Sep 1996
O.65838 - Oreoica gutturalis (Vigors & Horsfield, 1827) - Australia, Queensland, Musselbrook; Murray Springs Rd, 3.2Km From Springs , (18 36' 13" S , 138 4' 37" E), 2 Jun 1995

(c) assumed Australian Museum.

O.55999 - Oreoica gutturalis (Vigors & Horsfield, 1827) - Australia, New South Wales, Angledool , (29 7' S , 147 54' E),

(c) assumed Australian Museum.

O.54930 - Oreoica gutturalis (Vigors & Horsfield, 1827) - Australia, Victoria, Stawell , (37 3' S , 142 47' E), 4 Sep 1914
O.62250 - Oreoica gutturalis (Vigors & Horsfield, 1827) - Australia, Queensland, Noonbah Stn, 180Km S Of Longreach , (24 7' S , 143 11' E), 21 Oct 1990

(c) assumed Australian Museum.

O.61147 - Oreoica gutturalis (Vigors & Horsfield, 1827) - Australia, Northern Territory, Hermannsburg, Finke R , (23 57' S , 132 46' E), 28 Sep 1923

(c) assumed Australian Museum.

O.61146 - Oreoica gutturalis (Vigors & Horsfield, 1827) - Australia, Northern Territory, Tanami Goldfield , (19 59' S , 129 43' E), 26 Mar 1910

(c) assumed Australian Museum.

O.61144 - Oreoica gutturalis (Vigors & Horsfield, 1827) - Australia, South Australia, Tailem Bend , (35 15' S , 139 28' E), 3 Sep 1949

(c) assumed Australian Museum.

O.61140 - Oreoica gutturalis (Vigors & Horsfield, 1827) - Australia, Victoria, Pine Plains Station , (35 26' S , 141 56' E), 9 Feb 1902

(c) assumed Australian Museum.

O.61139 - Oreoica gutturalis (Vigors & Horsfield, 1827) - Australia, New South Wales, Brindley Park, Merriwa , (32 6' S , 150 22' E), 24 Aug 1914

(c) assumed Australian Museum.

O.57659 - Oreoica gutturalis (Vigors & Horsfield, 1827) - Australia, Victoria, Bendigo , (36 46' S , 144 17' E), 24 Sep 1936

(c) assumed Australian Museum.

O.56622 - Oreoica gutturalis (Vigors & Horsfield, 1827) - Australia, New South Wales, Langawirra , (31 27' S , 142 8' E),

(c) assumed Australian Museum.

O.55998 - Oreoica gutturalis (Vigors & Horsfield, 1827) - Australia, New South Wales, Angledool , (29 7' S , 147 54' E),
O.65834 - Oreoica gutturalis (Vigors & Horsfield, 1827) - Australia, Queensland, Musselbrook: Murray Springs Rd , (18 36' S , 138 4' E), 7 Jun 1995

(c) assumed Australian Museum.

O.34598 - Oreoica gutturalis (Vigors & Horsfield, 1827) - Australia, New South Wales, Langawirra , (31 27' S , 142 8' E), 6 Sep 1907

(c) assumed Australian Museum.

O.15181 - Oreoica gutturalis (Vigors & Horsfield, 1827) - Australia, New South Wales, Wellington , (32 33' S , 148 57' E),

(c) assumed Australian Museum.

O.11438 - Oreoica gutturalis (Vigors & Horsfield, 1827) - Australia, New South Wales, Wambangalang Via Dubbo , (32 15' S , 148 37' E),
A.9346 - Oreoica gutturalis (Vigors & Horsfield, 1827) - Australia, New South Wales, Tindarey , (31 7' S , 145 50' E),
A.8194 - Oreoica gutturalis (Vigors & Horsfield, 1827) - Australia, New South Wales, Barbigal, Dubbo , (32 14' S , 148 51' E),
A.18475 - Oreoica gutturalis (Vigors & Horsfield, 1827) - Australia, New South Wales, Moolah Station , (32 39' S , 144 59' E),
A.18473 - Oreoica gutturalis (Vigors & Horsfield, 1827) - Australia, New South Wales, Moolah Station , (32 39' S , 144 59' E),
A.18472 - Oreoica gutturalis (Vigors & Horsfield, 1827) - Australia, New South Wales, Moolah Station , (32 39' S , 144 59' E),
A.18471 - Oreoica gutturalis (Vigors & Horsfield, 1827) - Australia, New South Wales, Moolah Station , (32 39' S , 144 59' E),

(c) assumed Australian Museum.

O.19787 - Oreoica gutturalis (Vigors & Horsfield, 1827) - Australia, New South Wales, Cardington , (32 53' S , 148 54' E),
O.73728.001 - Tissue sample - Oreoica gutturalis (Vigors & Horsfield, 1827) - Australia, New South Wales, Scotia Sancturary (Awc) , (33 10' 6" S , 141 12' 13" E), May 2009
O.73727.001 - Tissue sample - Oreoica gutturalis (Vigors & Horsfield, 1827) - Australia, New South Wales, Scotia Sancturary (Awc) , (33 7' 24" S , 141 E), 18 May 2010
O.73727 - Oreoica gutturalis (Vigors & Horsfield, 1827) - Australia, New South Wales, Scotia Sancturary (Awc) , (33 7' 24" S , 141 E), 18 May 2010
O.73728 - Oreoica gutturalis (Vigors & Horsfield, 1827) - Australia, New South Wales, Scotia Sancturary (Awc) , (33 10' 6" S , 141 12' 13" E), May 2009
A.18474 - Oreoica gutturalis (Vigors & Horsfield, 1827) - Australia, New South Wales, Moolah Station , (32 39' S , 144 59' E),

(c) assumed Australian Museum.

O.26116 - Oreoica gutturalis (Vigors & Horsfield, 1827) - Australia, South Australia, Mcdonall Park , (29 50' S , 134 54' E), Apr 1917
A.17421 - Oreoica gutturalis (Vigors & Horsfield, 1827) - Australia, New South Wales, Hay , (34 30' S , 144 51' E), May 1883

(c) assumed Australian Museum.

O.28802 - Oreoica gutturalis (Vigors & Horsfield, 1827) - Australia, New South Wales, Gulargambone , (31 20' S , 148 28' E), 12 May 1910

(c) assumed Australian Museum.

O.26602 - Oreoica gutturalis (Vigors & Horsfield, 1827) - Australia, South Australia, Port Augusta, 407 Miles W On East-West Line , (30 34' S , 133 1' E), Oct 1921

(c) assumed Australian Museum.

O.26601 - Oreoica gutturalis (Vigors & Horsfield, 1827) - Australia, South Australia, Port Augusta, 407 Miles W On East-West Line , (30 34' S , 133 1' E), Oct 1921

(c) assumed Australian Museum.

O.34597 - Oreoica gutturalis (Vigors & Horsfield, 1827) - Australia, Queensland, Kurrajong Stn, 130Km Sw Gladstone , (24 43' S , 150 28' E), 15 Apr 1906

(c) assumed Australian Museum.

O.26117 - Oreoica gutturalis (Vigors & Horsfield, 1827) - Australia, South Australia, Mcdonall Park , (29 50' S , 134 54' E), Apr 1917

(c) assumed Australian Museum.

O.25896 - Oreoica gutturalis (Vigors & Horsfield, 1827) - Australia, New South Wales, Grafton , (29 41' S , 152 56' E),

(c) assumed Australian Museum.

O.24607 - Oreoica gutturalis (Vigors & Horsfield, 1827) - Australia, New South Wales, Dubbo , (32 15' S , 148 37' E), Oct 1892

(c) assumed Australian Museum.

O.24606 - Oreoica gutturalis (Vigors & Horsfield, 1827) - Australia, New South Wales, Dubbo , (32 15' S , 148 37' E), 16 Oct 1892

(c) assumed Australian Museum.

O.24605 - Oreoica gutturalis (Vigors & Horsfield, 1827) - Australia, New South Wales, Wambangalang, Dubbo , (32 15' S , 148 37' E), 1893

(c) assumed Australian Museum.

O.17695 - Oreoica gutturalis (Vigors & Horsfield, 1827) - Australia, New South Wales, Baldry , (32 52' S , 148 30' E), Nov 1860

(c) assumed Australian Museum.

O.26571 - Oreoica gutturalis (Vigors & Horsfield, 1827) - Australia, South Australia, Ooldea, East West Line , (30 27' S , 131 50' E),

(c) assumed Australian Museum.

O.23623 - Oreoica gutturalis (Vigors & Horsfield, 1827) - Australia, South Australia, Port Lincoln , (34 44' S , 135 52' E),

(c) assumed Australian Museum.

O.15865 - Oreoica gutturalis (Vigors & Horsfield, 1827) - Australia, New South Wales, Invernein, Scone , (32 3' S , 150 52' E),

(c) assumed Australian Museum.

O.19788 - Oreoica gutturalis (Vigors & Horsfield, 1827) - Australia, New South Wales, Cardington , (32 53' S , 148 54' E),

(c) assumed Australian Museum.

O.21407 - Oreoica gutturalis (Vigors & Horsfield, 1827) - Australia, New South Wales, Bathurst , (33 25' S , 149 35' E), 19 May 1895

(c) assumed Australian Museum.

O.21408 - Oreoica gutturalis (Vigors & Horsfield, 1827) - Australia, New South Wales, Buckinbah , (33 23' S , 149 10' E),

(c) assumed Australian Museum.

O.23621 - Oreoica gutturalis (Vigors & Horsfield, 1827) - Australia, South Australia, Port Lincoln , (34 44' S , 135 52' E),

(c) assumed Australian Museum.

O.23622 - Oreoica gutturalis (Vigors & Horsfield, 1827) - Australia, South Australia, Port Lincoln , (34 44' S , 135 52' E),